Third, Fifth, Sixth, and Seventh Principles of Autarchy

The philosopher does not toil. However, we must always remember that toil is evil, not productivity

Our revenue must more than meet our immediate needs: it must facilitate a life of leisure. Anything less is wage slavery.

It’s always prudent to cultivate multiple streams of income, among which deriving fees from the Garden’s teaching mission, rental property income and business ownership, which includes gainful employment of others, have special priority

It’s prudent to have fruitful possessions. The various forms of ownership of means of production is another way to independence that can potentially relieve us of toil

Horace, Ofellus and Philodemus of Gadara in Sermones 2.2, by Sergio Yona

Multiple Streams of Income ideas from the Penny Hoarder webpage

(A wise choice of profession) ... brings the least possible involvement with men from whom many disagreeable things follow, and a pleasant life, and a leisurely retreat with one’s friends, and a most dignified income to those who are moderate. – Philodemus, Art of Property Management, Column XXIII

Nor is it disgraceful to earn an income both from properties rented to tenants and from workers who have skills and arts that are in no way unseemly. However, these sources of income come second and third. The first and noblest thing is to receive back thankful gifts with all reverence in return for philosophical discourses … that are truthful and free of strife and … serene … since in fact the acquisition of an income through sophistical and contentious speeches is in no way better than … through demagogical and slandering ones. – Philodemus, Art of Property Management, Column XXIII

Fruitful possessions must be more than unfruitful ones. – Philodemus, Art of Property Management, Column A

Freedom is the greatest fruit of self-sufficiency. Vatican Saying 77

Epicurus’s life when compared to that of other men with respect to gentleness and self-sufficiency might be thought a mere legend. – Vatican Saying 36

The wise man who has become accustomed to necessities knows better how to share with others than how to take from them, so great a treasure of self-sufficiency has he found. – Vatican Saying 44

At one and the same time we must philosophize, laugh, and manage our household and other business, while never ceasing to proclaim the words of true philosophy. – Vatican Saying 41

About hiramcrespo

Hiram Crespo is the author of 'Tending the Epicurean Garden' (Humanist Press, 2014) and 'How to Live a Good Life' (Penguin Random House, 2020), and founder of He's also written for The Humanist, Eidolon, Occupy, The New Humanism, The Secular Web, Europa Laica, AteístasPR, and many other outlets.
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